Maki Fumihiko Republic Polytechnic 2007 Singapore ©Maki and Associates. Kenzō Tange was one of the initiators, and with Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, and Fumihiko Maki he developed the Metabolism manifesto, presented at Tokyo World Design Conference in 1960. '"—Pritzker Jury Citation, 1993, Sources: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Media Lab Complex, Projects, Maki and Associates; AIA Architect [accessed September 3, 2013]. The Metabolist architects debuted their new ideas at Tokyo's 1960 World Design Conference. The geometric exterior details preview its interior spiral shape. Photo © local louisville on flickr.com, Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0), Kemper Museum, Washington University, 2006. "Fumihiko Maki, Portfolio of Selected Architecture." Fumihiko Maki's Golgi Structures Helix Structure by Kisho Kurokawa Modular Components in Metabolism Diagrams by Mint Wallace. Compare the Kemper design with Maki's earlier Iwasaki Museum in Japan. It features a permanent, open living space surrounded by temporary spaces, such as the kitchen and children's rooms. He received the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1993. Kurokawa extended the idea of living-space-as-capsule to a multi-unit dwelling. Hillside Terrace is a planned community incorporating a mix of residential, commercial, and landscaped spaces. ", Source: Spiral, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum and the Earl E. and Myrtle E. Walker Hall are Maki's later additions to the Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. Photo By Shubinator (Own work), CC-BY-SA-3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons. His architectural language is defined by meticulous detailing with rational, precise yet strongly plastic forms. The group’s leading figures, William Lim and Tay Kheng Soon, had studied with the Japanese Metabolist architect Fumihiko Maki at Harvard, whose ideas about creating a modern Asian urbanism especially appealed to them. From 1956 until 1963, Maki was on the faculty of Washington University School of Architecture. “Metabolism 1960- A proposal for new urbanism.“ was a result of the collective efforts and hard work of Kenzo Tange, Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, and Fumihiko Maki. By this he means the acceptance and spontaneous adoption of spaces by the anonymous community. The Japanese architects who treated buildings like living organisms, This article was published in partnership with Artsy, the global platform for discovering and collecting art. Photo ©Knight Foundation on flickr.com, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic, Annenberg Center, University of Pennsylvania, 2009. They thought of different building elements as cells and considered the DNA of their own projects. The result looks like a series of bricks poking out from a brown tower, each overlooking the city with its own cyclops lens. In the 1960s a group of Japanese architects dreamed of future cities and produced exciting new ideas. "—Fumihiko Maki, Pritzker Ceremony Acceptance Speech, 1993, Source: Hillside Terrace Complex I-Ⅵ, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013], Location: Woodlands, SingaporeCompleted: 2007Size: 11 stories, 11 identical learning podsArea Size: Site: 200,000 square meters; Building:70,000 square meters; Total Floor Area: 210,000 square metersArchitect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Reinforced concrete, steel. "Fumihiko Maki's essays demonstrate how a gifted architect absorbs divergent influences--lessons of mentors, pivotal academic and professional debates, travel observations, and reflections on his own culture--and transforms them into material for his own creative process. Their very articulated cubic forms, whiteness, floating interior spaces and thin metal railings were my first introduction to modern architecture, and they made a strong impression on me...."—Fumihiko Maki, Pritzker Ceremony Acceptance Speech, 1993, Source: Toyoda Memorial Hall Renovation, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. Discover (and save!) You can see a few of the iconic buildings from the Metabolism movement here on ... 174 Birth of a Movement 206 Metabolism 1960 222 Noboru Kawazoe 266 Tokyo Bay 294 Fumihiko Maki … Skyscrapers Getting High in New York City, Rebuilding After Terror: A Photo Timeline of Ground Zero, Architectural Plans and Drawings for 2WTC, David Childs Architecture - The World Trade Center & Beyond, Winners of the Pritzker Prize in Architecture, Pictures from 9/11: Attack on Architecture, 1 World Trade Center Plans and Drawings, 2002 to 2014, The Skyscraper, the Tallest Buildings in the World, Kenzo Tange Architecture Portfolio, An Introduction, Biography of David M. Childs, Design Partner, Biography of British Architect Richard Rogers, Daniel Libeskind, Ground Zero Master Planner, Zaha Hadid, Architecture Portfolio in Pictures, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Media Lab Complex, The University of Pennsylvania Annenberg Public Policy Center, Historical Campus Tour, Danforth Campus, Mark C. Steinberg Hall, Doctor of Arts, University of Albany, SUNY, M.S., Literacy Education, University of Albany, SUNY, B.A., English, Virginia Commonwealth University, Video by Silverstein Properties: 4 WTC Architect Fumihiko Maki, open floor plan and three-story Atrium link building spaces, skylights and glass provide abundant light, exterior siding complements nearby buildings. Location: Oita, JapanCompleted: 1997Architect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Reinforced concrete, steel, brick, stoneAwards: Togo Murano Award, Building Contractors Society Prize, Public Building Association Award, "The dimensions of his work measure a career that has greatly enriched architecture. Photo ©lizzylizinator on flickr.com, Creative Commons NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic, Toyoda Memorial Hall, Nagoya University, 1960. "I found it meaningless to attempt to revive an already destroyed city by means of a monument, I felt that it was important to let the destroyed be and to create a new Japan," Kurokawa once wrote. Photo ©Kenta Mabuchi, mab-ken on flickr.com, Creative Commons ShareAlike 2.0 Generic, Steinberg Hall, Washington University, 1960. Dr. Jackie Craven has over 20 years of experience writing about architecture and the arts. (2020, August 26). His very first commission, Steinberg Hall, was for this University. While his fleet-footed Metabolist collaborators made their names and reputations tracing out high-technology megastructures in the pages of Japan Architect, the tortoise-like Maki maintained his composure, even as he supplied his considered support. "Fumihiko Maki, Portfolio of Selected Architecture." Decades later, Maki returned to the campus to build the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum. Elevated walkways of grass connect buildings' access and integrate the natural with man-made pathways at different levels. The cube-like design is reminiscent of metabolism in architecture. Fumihiko Maki is one of Japan's most prolific and distinguished architects, in practice since the 1960s. Photo ©Dana + LeRoy on flickr.com, Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0). Location: Tokyo, JapanCompleted: 1985Other Names: Wacoal Art Center; Spiral Wacoal Art CenterHeight: 9 storiesArchitect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Steel frame, reinforced concrete, aluminum claddingAwards: AIA Reynolds Memorial Award, JIA 25 Year Award, Reynolds Memorial Award, "A continuous circular space winds through gallery spaces, a café, an atrium and an assembly hall, creating a 'stage' for people to see and to be seen, interacting with each other and with the artwork. He is one of the few Japanese architects of his generation to have been deeply influenced and shaped by both domestic and international culture ever since his youth. Architect Fumihiko Maki designed Hillside over a number of years, before winning the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1993 but well after contributing to Metabolism 1960: Proposals for a New Urbanism. It had its first international exposure during CIAM's 1959 meeting and its ideas were tentatively tested by students from Kenzo Tange's MIT studio. Before Fame . Nevertheless, writes Schalk, "Revisiting the Metabolist visions of a resilient world reveals several contemporary, urgent issues.". Floors 15 to 54 have parallelogram-shaped interior office spaces, but the high-rise section of the tower (floors 57 to 72) has trapezoidal floor plans (see floor plans). Location: Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaCompleted: 2009Interior Agora Space: Maple wood (resilience and stability); radiant floor heated with 82° water; BASWAphon acoustical plaster; wall slats designed to absorb soundAwards AIA Philadelphia Design Award, AIA Pennsylvania Design Award, Sources: Building Fact Sheet (PDF); The University of Pennsylvania Annenberg Public Policy Center, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. His works include projects in Japan, North and South America, Europe, and Asia. Fumihiko Maki, best known for being a Architect, was born in Japan on Thursday, September 6, 1928. Many Metabolists had studied under Kenzo Tange at Tokyo University's Tange Laboratory. He was awarded the 1993 Pritzker Prize. In 1952, Japan faced newfound autonomy. Location: St. Louis, MissouriCompleted: 1960Construction Materials: Concrete and glass, Source: Historical Campus Tour, Danforth Campus, Mark C. Steinberg Hall [accessed September 3, 2013], Location: St. Louis, MissouriCompleted: 2006Architect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Steel, reinforced concrete, limestone, aluminum, glass. Growth of a Movement The American occupation following World War II ended, and as the decade progressed, the devastating effects of the atomic bomb -- both physical and psychological -- began to recede into the country's past. Architect Fumihiko Maki designed Hillside over a number of years, before winning the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1993 but well after contributing to Metabolism 1960: Proposals for a New Urbanism. As he has in other campus designs (see Republic Polytechnic), Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki has integrated the concept of a Greek Agora into the design of the Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC). His first commission was Washington University in St. Louis' Steinberg Hall in 1956. Tadao Ando: The Japanese boxer turned Pritzker Prize winner who buried the Buddha. While the Metabolists executed a handful of designs, including a broadcasting tower by Tange, the Osaka Expo of 1970 was considered the group's apotheosis: There, Kikutake and Kurokawa created pavilions that evoked cells and genetic material. "Seen from a contemporary perspective, the movement's foremost concern was cultural resilience as a notion of national identity," architecture scholar Meike Schalk wrote in a 2014. Fumihiko Maki is one of Japan's most prolific and distinguished architects, in practice since the 1960s. She is the author of two books on home decor and sustainable design. He was awarded the 1993 Pritzker Prize. "We regard human society as a vital process -- a continuous development from atom to nebula," they wrote. Source: wasaki Art Museum, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. The exterior facade, built up and composed from smaller details, reflects the complex program. Detail of Steinberg Hall, Washington University, St. Louis. If Metabolism didn't necessarily succeed, according to Schalk, we can study the movement to understand what kinds of sustainable projects might work in the future. His Nakagin Capsule Tower (1972) has become a tourist destination in Tokyo. Metabolism (新陳代謝, shinchintaisha) was a post-war Japanese architectural movement that fused ideas about architectural megastructures with those of organic biological growth. Maki and Associates designed the tower with indented opposite corners, which allows interior floors to have not four, but six corner offices—column-free, of course. The campus was designed by Fumihiko Maki, a Pritzker Prize laureate. Following the 1959 disbandment of the Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM), which was founded by Le Corbusierin 1928 together with other Europeans, metabolism architecture filled the void that was left. Extending the biological metaphor, and taking inspiration from James Watson and Francis Crick's discoveries about DNA, Kurokawa created a. Kikutake's own home, Sky House (1958), was grandfathered into the Metabolist program. Toyoda Auditorium, a major structure on the Nagoya University campus, is important for being the first Japanese project for 1993 Pritzker Laureate Fumihiko Maki. Four World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, September 2013. In the project, Maki considered the surrounding environment as the context of history and geographical region. Metabolism was a post-war Japanese architectural movement that fused ideas about architectural megastructures with those of organic biological growth. Source: Republic Polytechnic, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. Maki is one of the founders of Metabolism and continues to lead in the global architectural arena today. As a prolific author as well as architect and teacher, Maki contributes significantly to the understanding of the profession. Location: Kagoshima, JapanCompleted: 1987Architect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Reinforced ConcreteAward: JIA 25 Year Award. Sou Fujimoto, the visionary blending architecture with nature, eyes the future, Scholars and architects are still debating Metabolism's legacy. The arena is part of an urban complex of structures with large volume interiors surrounded by exterior open space for public gatherings. Pritzker Prize 2019: Arata Isozaki wins 'Nobel of architecture', Though Tange's design was never realized, scholar Hyunjung Cho has. His works include projects in Japan, North and South America, Europe, and Asia. Fumihiko Maki’s work is a finely tuned balance of innovative and sophisticated spaces and forms imbued with a sensibility inherited from his Japanese culture. "—Pritzker Jury Citation, 1993, Source: Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. Fumihiko Maki, one of the world’s leading contemporary architects and the Pritzker Award winner, was responsible for the design of Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, built in phases between 1969 and 1992. Republic Polytechnic in Woodlands, Singapore. The first retrospective of Metabolism, a movement born from the visions of architects. Toshiba-IHI Pavilion, at the Osaka Expo in 1970. Through 1970, they developed ideas for individual homes, apartment buildings, expo pavilions and entire metropolises. The design shows Maki's early experimentation with modernism and metabolism in architecture, compared with his later projects such as 4 World Trade Center. During the W… Fumihiko Maki (born September 6, 1928 in Tokyo) has been a distinguished figure in the architectural world viewing from both geographical and temporal perspectives. In this sense, Group Form is a veiled critique by Fumihiko Maki of the Megaform of Metabolism. Media Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Just like the Metabolists, we now face numerous challenges to sustainable architecture, including land scarcity and development driven by the market. The 140-unit Nakagin Capsule Tower in Tokyo, designed by architect Kisho Kurokawa. Wang Shu is a Chinese architect who also won the Pritzker Prize. On one hand, Maki presents international characteristics. Iwasaki Art Museum Annex, Japan, built in 1987. During the preparation for the 1960 Tōkyō World Design Conference a group of young architects and designers, including Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa and Fumihiko Maki prepared the publication of the Metabolism manifesto. Metabolism 1960; Noboru Kawazoe; Tokyo Bay; Fumihiko Maki; On the land, on the sea, in the air; Kisho Kurokawa; Media Architects; Kenji Ekuan; Expo '70; Takako Tange, Noritaka Tange; Expansion/exile; Atsushi Shimokobe; Project Japam; Postscript: Toyo Ito; Project Japan 1940-1985: timeline. Metabolism 1960: Proposals for a New Urbanism documented the ideas and philosophies of Fumihiko Maki, Masato Otaka, Kiyonari Kikutake, and Kisho Kurokawa. His current works include the World Trade Center Tower 4 in New York City. In their conceptual manifesto, "Metabolism 1960: Proposals for a New Urbanism," the Metabolist founders used biological metaphors to call for buildings capable of regeneration. Search for other works by this author on: This Site. To echo his own words, 'Detailing is what gives architecture its rhythm and scale. The carved concrete forms show Maki's early interest in combining Eastern origami-like designs with Western modernism. Location: Tokyo, JapanCompleted: Six phases completed between 1969 and 1992Awards: Minister of Education Award for Fine Arts, Japan Art Prize, Prince of Wales Prize in Urban Design, JIA 25 Year Award, "Today the city of Tokyo may be called the world's largest assemblage of industrially produced artifacts (in materials such as metal, glass, concrete, etc.). Brainstormed primarily Fumihiko Maki, Moshe Safdie, and members of Team X—these architects also employed the architectural unit as a massing strategy to produce similarly aggregated urban configurations, but on a more horizontal (rather than vertical) datum. This Noboru Kawazoe, Kiyonori Kikutake, Noriaki “Kisho” Kurokawa, obsession for the technology became a specific feature Masato Otaka, Fumihiko Maki, Metabolism 1960. The crematorium complex blends organically with the sacred landscape—the same design principle as with 4 WTC, but with dramatically different results. Jun 23, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by 夏语恬. The Iwasaki Art Museum is a facility on the grounds of the Ibusuki Iwasaki Resort Hotel. This futuristic approach lead these architects to later become the pioneers of contemporary Tokyo architecture. Kenzo Tange, who was influenced by Le Corbusier and mentored many figures in the group, also proposed a new design to expand Tokyo's housing: a series of interlocking loops of highway that would extend across Tokyo Bay and increase mobility. "—Pritzker Jury Citation, 1993, Source: Kaze-no-Oka Crematorium, Projects, Maki and Associates [accessed September 3, 2013]. Each has one large, circular window and serves as a minimalist home or alternative space -- for storage or a meeting place, for example. Toyoda Memorial Hall Renovation, Nagoya University, in 2010. His current works include the World Trade Center Tower 4 in New York City. About Republic Polytechnic, Woodlands Campus: Photo by Wiiii (Own work), GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0, via Wikimedia Commons. Jul 27, 2014 - Explore Gurkut Uysal's board "Fumihiko Maki", followed by 2719 people on Pinterest. Architect who helped establish Metabolism, an architectural movement in Japan, in 1960. your own Pins on Pinterest The group included architects Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, Masato Otaka, and Fumihiko Maki, and critic Noboru Kawazoe. It had its first international exposure during CIAM’s 1959 meeting and its ideas were tentatively tested by students from Kenzo Tange’s MIT studio. Now an old man garlanded with honours, Fumihiko Maki was the most temperate of the modernist architects who rebuilt Japan. During the preparation for the 1960 Tokyo World Design Conference a group of young architects and designers, including Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa and Fumihiko Maki prepared the publication of the Metabolism manifesto. He earned a Master's degree in architecture from Harvard University in 1954. Kikutake Kiyonori Marine City 1963 1963. The rooms were so small that the architect initially targeted bachelors as potential buyers. ThoughtCo. He was a student at the University of Tokyo and the Cranbrook Academy of Art. He received the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1993. In Maki's later years, planned areas like the Woodlands Campus of Republic Polytechnic were accomplished without lengthy development phases. Annenberg School of Public Policy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Fumihiko Maki, Portfolio of Selected Architecture. Craven, Jackie. He worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill in New York City and for Sert Jackson and Associates in Cambridge, Massachusetts and founded Maki and Associates in 1965. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/fumihiko-maki-portfolio-of-selected-architecture-177689. Trivia. Fumihiko Maki is a Japanese architect who won the Pritzker Prize and known for his experimentation in materials and fusing east and west, in addition to being a partner in founded Metabolism group. Location: Nagoya, Aichi, JapanCompleted: 1960; preservation and renovation in 2007Construction Materials: Reinforced ConcreteAwards: Japan Institute of Architecture Award, DOCOMOMO JAPAN, Registered Tangible Cultural Property, "I still remember vividly those occasions when I visited with my parents their friend's houses and small exhibition places and tea parlors in public parks. Wang Shu creates modern buildings making use of traditional materials and applying older techniques, he requires his … Craven, Jackie. They were influenced by a wide variety of sources including Marxist theories and biological processes. It still stands, but it is now part of a more modern neighborhood, and its soaring character has been diminished. Location: 150 Greenwich Street, New York CityDesign Concept and Development: September 6, 2006 to July 1, 2007Construction Drawings: April 1, 2008, while foundation was being constructed (January-July 2008)Opened: November 2013 (Temporary Certificate of Occupancy in the Fall 2013)Height 977 feet; 72 storiesArchitect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Steel, reinforced concrete, glass facade, "The fundamental approach to the design of the project is two-fold - a 'minimalist' tower that achieves an appropriate presence, quiet but with dignity, on a site facing the Memorial and a 'podium' that becomes a catalyst in activating/enlivening the immediate urban environment as part of the redevelopment efforts of lower Manhattan. Location: Tokyo, JapanCompleted: 1990Architect: Fumihiko Maki and AssociatesConstruction Materials: Reinforced Concrete, Steel Reinforced Concrete, Steel FrameAwards: Building Contractors Society Prize, Public Building Award - Excellent Award, "There is amazing diversity in his work. A founding member of the Metabolism Group, Maki remains a convinced modernist, with the caveat that it must be informed by empathy. The architect created a 14-story-high central core for the building, then plugged in 140 individual capsules, which had been transported in shipping containers. https://www.thoughtco.com/fumihiko-maki-portfolio-of-selected-architecture-177689 (accessed January 27, 2021). Boxer turned Pritzker Prize winner who buried the Buddha, in 1960 he returned to understanding... Maki of the Ibusuki Iwasaki Resort Hotel differing geometries home looks like box... 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